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What is an audit, what forms are there and what are the results?

Want to know everything about audits? Then you are in the right place. Here you can read exactly what an audit is, what forms there are and what it benefits you to set it up properly.

What types of audits are there?

There are internal and external audits. An internal audit is aimed at improving the ‘internal’ organisation. If you want to certify as an organization for a standard, the audit procedure is usually carried out by an external consultant who is hired for this. With ISO standards it is even mandatory to have the audit carried out by an independent person. External audits are periodic checks on behalf of external organizations.

You can perform audits (internal or external) at three (organizational) levels:

  • System audit
  • process audit
  • Product audit

System audit

In a systems audit, an auditor focuses on a system as a whole. He checks to what extent the quality management meets the set system requirements and whether the system is effective enough and functions as desired.

process audit

A process audit focuses on the course of a process. The auditor goes through the entire process step by step and checks whether the daily practice on the shop floor still corresponds with the process descriptions.

Product audit

A product audit is about the output of the processes. The auditor assesses the quality of the product or service and mainly pays attention to the properties and characteristics that the customer finds important.

What is an internal audit?

An internal audit is a systematic periodic audit, initiated by one’s own organization and performed by auditors employed by the organization. In fact, it is a management tool to identify opportunities and risks and to identify improvements.

Internal audit system: the ideal improvement tool

Often, in internal audits, the emphasis is on what goes wrong. A missed opportunity. A positive approach yields more: What is the strength of the organization and what can we learn from the things that are going well? Certainly when internal audits have been carried out within an organization for several years, ‘the routine’ can get in the way. With the help of updated software that is based on a positive question, you will achieve a better result. For example, an internal audit is experienced as inspiring and innovative and it increases the involvement of the employees.

Who carries out internal audits?

Financial Auditor

Is everything financially justifiable? Are the administrative organization and the preparation of the internal annual accounts correct?

Operational Auditor

Is the organization well set up? Are all components properly managed and is the quality of information, communication and control systems in order?

IT auditor

Is the internal IT organization well structured and are responsibilities well covered? What about the hardware, the system software and applications, the internal and (if present) external network, security and disaster systems?

Quality auditor

Do people and systems work according to current instruction lists and manuals? Are work instructions, procedures and registrations up to date?